AM – All Mountain – A bit of everything mountain biking, sort of “jack of all trades but master of none”.
Cadence – The rate at which the pedals and crank arms are spun around while riding.
Chainring – The front sprocket set.
Cleats – pedals that you clip cycling shoes into so they are ‘fixed’ to the cranks and provide more efficient peddaling on inclines
Crank – The arms that the peddals are attached to.
Flats – Flat type pedals mostly used for downhill, bmx and jump style.
Four Cross – 4X – A track consisting of jumps and corners similar to bmx but for mountain bikes too.
Hardtail – A mountain bike with no rear suspension only front
Manual – to lift your front wheel up while coasting and without using peddals for power.
MTB – Mountain Biking – To ride on dirt roads, tracks, paths and anywhere you are able to that is not on normal road surfaces.
Pump – To pump on a track or trail is to push your bike down a short decline even as small as a speed bump to get free speed or momentum, imagine pushing someone you hate down the hill in a shopping trolly, now do it with your handlebars.
Shifters – The levers or mechanism you use to move the derailleurs to change gears.
Singletrack – part of a mountain biking trail or route that only allows bikes to ride in single file, passing is either difficult or impossible.
Skinny – A narrow obstacle, bridge or beam.
Softtail – A mountain bike with rear suspension.
Sprocket – The toothed discs that drives the chain.
Stage race – A multi day mountain bike event that consists of point to point races on each day.
Swichback – a sharp u turn usually found with steep slopes that zig zag you up or down the mountain.
Urban – A style that uses pavements, benches, railings, walls and any urban street objects as obstacles.
Bail – To jump off, or lay the bike down while riding to avoid a worse crash or impact.
Berm – A raised shoulder on the outside edge of a corner or turn like a bowl allowing a rider to lean into a corner with much more speed and traction.
BMX – Bicycle Motocross – a smaller sized bike designed for track racing over jumps and turns.
Bunny Hop – To hop into the air or over an obstacle whil on your bike.
Derailleur – The components that are moved when you shift gears, they force the chain onto the next sized sprocket, most bikes come with front and rear derailleurs
DH – Down Hill – A steep decent from start to finish consisting of switchbacks, drop offsand other obstacles.
DJ – Dirt Jump – A style of riding that mostly consists of large jumps made of dirt.
Drop off – A drop from an elevated position measuring anything between pavement height to 2+ meters, handled best with a bit of speed and momentum.
Dual Suspension – A mountain bike with front and rear suspension systems.
Granny gear – The easiest gear on your bike (usually 1-1) that a granny would use to climb up a slope. smallest front sprocket and largest rear sprocket.
Lock Out – to lock your susension from movement.
Over The Bars – To fly over the handlebars.
Rock garden – A section of track that has several head size or larger rocks or boulders
Tabletop – A jump that has a flat top, the trick is to fly off the face of one side and land on the down slope of the other, not so easy without an engine.
Whip – to flick your bike up and sideways so it is almost parallell to the ground during a jump
XC – Cross country – Usually long distance trails with strenuous clims to test a riders endurance.